Chronicle of the Future Biographies
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Susan Greenfield Susan Greenfield

Susan Greenfield is Professor of Pharmacology at Oxford and Director of the Royal Institution of Great Britain. She heads a multi-disciplinary group studying non-classical mechanisms underlying neurodegenerative disorders, and through this she has also developed an interest in the physical basis of the mind: in 1995 she published her own theory of consciousness, to be followed by a sequel in the autumn of 1999. Professor Greenfield is a world expert on the human brain. She explores this most mysterious organ of the body, and addresses the questions of how its components become thoughts and emotions. She has been asked to give a consultative seminar in Spring this year to the Prime Minister, Tony Blair. As well as publishing in professional journals, she writes for the popular press and has made frequent appearances on radio and TV. She is currently preparing a major six part series on the brain and mind to be broadcast on BBC2 in the year 2000.

David Starkey David Starkey
Historian and broadcaster
David Starkey is an historian specialising in the Tudor period and with a particular interest in constitutional matters. He is a Visiting Fellow at Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge, and until recently was a lecturer in history at the London School of Economics, a post he held for 26 years. He is the author, among other books, of The Reign of Henry VIII: Personalities and Politics (1985, 1991) and Henry VIII: A European court in England (1991) and co-author of This Land of England (1985). Works of which he is editor include The English Court from the Wars of the Roses to the Civil War (1987) and Rivals in Power: The Lives and Letters of the Great Tudor Dynasties (1990). As a broadcaster, he wrote and presented the Channel 4 series This Land of England (1985) and Henry VIII (1998) and is a regular panellist on Radio 4's The Moral Maze? He is president of the Society for Court Studies and patron of the Tory Campaign for Homosexual Equality.

Paul Rogers Paul Rogers
Political Scientist

Paul Rogers is Professor of Peace Studies at Bradford University. Originally a biologist, he lectured at Imperial College and worked on a development project in Uganda, but has worked for the past twenty years on trends in international conflict and its prevention. He wrote A Violent Peace, Global Security After the Cold War, with Malcolm Dando, and is currently working on a book, War and Peace in the Early 21st Century.

Bryan Appleyard Bryan Appleyard
Author and journalist
Bryan Appleyard is author of several books, including Understanding the Present: Science and the Soul of Modern Man (London 1992) and Brave New Worlds: Staying Human in the Genetic Future (New York 1998). He is a feature writer and columnist for The Sunday Times.

Michio Kaku Michio Kaku
Theoretical physicist and science populariser
Dr Michio Kaku is an internationally recognised authority on theoretical physics and also on the environment. He has been Professor of Theoretical Physics at the City University of New York for 25 years. He is the co-founder of string field theory and has published over 70 articles in physics journals. His goal is to help complete Einstein's dream of a "theory of everything", a single equation that will unify all the fundamental forces in the universe. He has written nine books. The last two, Hyperspace: A Scientific Odyssey Through Parallel Universes, Time Warps and the 10th Dimension, and Visions: How Science Will Revolutionize the 21st Century, became international bestsellers. He has lectured around the world and his PhD-level textbooks are required reading at many top physics laboratories. Dr Kaku is also committed to nuclear disarmament. In June 1982, in Central Park, New York, he spoke before a million people at the largest peace demonstration in US history.

Mike Hulme Mike Hulme
Climate scientist
Dr Mike Hulme is a reader in climatology at the University of East Anglia's Climatic Research Unit, where he has worked for the last 10 years. His research specialises in global climate change and climate scenario construction, the validation of climate models, and desertification in Africa. He has published extensively in all of these fields and has written climate scenario reports for the UK government, the European Commission, the UN Environment Programme, the World Bank and WWF International. He contributed to the 1992 and 1995 reports of the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and is running an international Data Distribution Centre for the 2001 IPCC report. He has been writing monthly UK climate summaries for The Guardian since 1988 and has recently published a book on The Climates of the British Isles. He is a member of the Royal Meteorological Society and the Royal Geographical Society.

James R. Murdoch James R. Murdoch
Media executive
James Murdoch is president of News America Digital Publishing for News Corporation. He oversees the daily operations of the company's global Internet and digital publishing ventures and all aspects of the division's strategies and new business efforts. News America Digital Publishing consists of Fox News Online, News Internet Services, Fox Sports Online and TV Guide Entertainment Network, and is involved in digital media, including the development of data broadcasting products, interactive marketing products and interactive television. As News Corporation's vice president of music, Murdoch is also responsible for the company's international music businesses. These include Rawkus Entertainment, which he founded in 1995 and which features the artists Mos Def, Company Flow and Black Star, and the Festival and Mushroom records groups, based in Australia and the UK. He attended Harvard University and lives in New York City.

Roy Hattersley Roy Hattersley
Writer and politician
Roy Hattersley entered politics early becoming a Labour MP at 30. He served in government as Under-secretary of State for Employment, Minister of Defence, Senior Minister of State at the Foreign Office, and Secretary of State for Prices and Consumer Affairs. In opposition he was a visiting fellow in politics at Harvard and at Nuffield College, Oxford. Between 1983 and 1992 he was deputy leader of the Labour party. He stood down from parliament at the 1997 election and was made a life peer in the dissolution honours list. He writes regularly for The Observer, has been a columnist for The Guardian for 16 years and has been voted Granada Television's Columnist of the Year. His most recent book, Fifty Years On: A Prejudiced History of Britain since the War, has just been published in paperback. He is now working on Blood and Fire, a biography of William and Catherine Booth. His literary career was recently eclipsed by his companion Buster, a Staffordshire-Alsatian cross whose book, Buster's Diaries as Told to Roy Hattersley, went straight into the bestsellers list.

Robert Winston Robert Winston
In vitro fertilisation pioneer
Lord Winston of Hammersmith has been Professor of Fertility Studies at Imperial College School of Medicine since 1987. He has been consultant obstetrician and gynaecologist at the Hammersmith Hospital, London, since 1977, where he is director of the UK's biggest reproductive medicine department. He developed gynaecological microsurgery for the treatment of tubal disorders in the 1970s and better techniques for sterilisation reversal. Scientific adviser on contraceptive matters and reproductive research to WHO from 1975 to 1980, he conducted the first human tubal transplant in 1976. His team at Hammersmith has established various improvements in fertility medicine and IVF. He has published approximately 300 scientific publications in learned journals and presented five series of Your Life in Their Hands. He was created a life peer in 1995.

Melanie Howard Melanie Howard
Director, The Future Foundation
Since setting up the Future Foundation with Michael Willmoft in 1996, Melanie Howard has contributed to various studies, including 24 Hour Society, The Millennial Family and The Responsible Organisation. Current projects cover investigations into the nature of social networks, changing values in the 1990s and the impact of gender on media consumption. Last year she co-authored Tomorrow's Women with the policy think-tank Demos, where she is a research associate on women's issues. She was a board director at Ogilvy and Mather Direct in the 1980s, and was head of IT and Media Consulting at the Henley Centre. She now sits on the Data Protection Tribunal at the Home Office and recently participated in a CBI briefing session for the DTI on new media. She is married to a psychotherapist and has two daughters aged 8 and 10.

Joanna Foster Joanna Foster
Chair, BT Forum and National Work-Life Forum
Joanna Foster is chair of the newly formed National Work-Life Forum as well as of BT Forum and the Lloyds/TSB Foundation. Before joining the Equal Opportunities Commission she worked with the Industrial Society, London, heading the Pepperell Unit and leading its work on equal opportunities and stress management; with the University of Pittsburgh's Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, working with corporate managers on work/family issues; and in France, where she set up a bilingual nursery school and a language school for adults and was press attache at INSEAD, the international business school in Fontainebleau. At INSEAD she became involved in cross-cultural communication and in working with couples on balancing work, family and community commitments. She is an honorary fellow of St Hilda's College, Oxford.

Gunther Kress Gunther Kress
Linguistics and communication expert
Gunther Kress is Professor of Education/English at the Institute of Education, University of London, where he heads the Culture, Communication & Societies group. Among the numerous books of which he is the author or co-author are Language as Ideology (1979), Learning to Write (1982, reprinted 1994), Writing the Future: English and the Production of a Culture of Innovation (1995), and Explanation in the Science Classroom (1996).

Maureen Freely Maureen Freely
Author and journalist
Maureen Freely was born in New Jersey, grew up in Istanbul and has a degree in English and Comparative Literature from Harvard. She has four children and lives in Bath. She is the author of five novels - the most recent, The Other Rebecca, was published by Bloomsbury in 1996 - and two works of non-fiction. She writes frequently on family, health and social issues for The Guardian, The Observer, The Independent, The Sunday Times and many other publications. She also teaches in the Creative Writing programme at the University of Warwick.

Marcus Chown Marcus Chown
Writer and physicist
Marcus Chown is a writer, journalist and broadcaster with a background in physics/astrophysics. Before working in the media, he was a professional radio astronomer at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in Pasadena. He is currently cosmology consultant of the science weekly New Scientist, having previously been the magazine's science news editor and reviews editor. He won the Glaxo-Wellcome science writers' award in 1994. Chown has written fiction and non-fiction for adults and children. His popular science books include Afterglow of Creation: From the Fireball to the Discovery of Cosmic Ripples (Arrow, 1993, runner-up for the Rhone-Poulenc science book prize) and The Magic Furnace: The Quest for the Origin of Atoms (Jonathan Cape, 1999). As a regular broadcaster, he has had a weekly science slot on London News Radio and presented the series Probe on Radio 4.

Robin Morgan Robin Morgan
Robin Morgan has been editor of The Sunday Times Magazine since 1995. He joined the paper as a reporter in 1979 and went on to become its deputy news editor, editor of the investigative Insight section, and features editor. He was editor of the Sunday Express from 1989 to 1991, and editorial director designate of Reader's Digest, 1993-94. He is co-author of The Falklands War (1982), Rainbow Warrior (1986), Bullion (1988) and Ambush (1989) and was Campaigning Journalist of the Year in 1983.

Cathy Galvin Cathy Galvin
Cathy Galvin is associate editor of The Sunday Times Magazine and editor of the Chronicle of the Future. In the past two years she has edited a number of special issues for the magazine, and was responsible for the six-week partwork BrainPower. She has run an award-winning commercial on-line features service, edited the News Review section of The Sunday Times and held senior editing and writing postions at The People, The Daily Express and Today. She wrote books anonymously while acting as deputy editor of Penthouse magazine and hopes the fact that she is now the mother of four children suggests those risque days are behind her.

Richard Girling Richard Girling
Richard Girling writes regularly for The Sunday Times Magazine, including a special issue on the future of the English countryside (April 1998) and an investigation into current and future consequences of air pollution (June 1998). He is the author of two novels and an illustrated guide to the structure and history of British landscape (The View from the Top, 1996), and is a contributor to a new Reader's Digest social history of the 20th century. With Caroline McGhie he has written and produced campaign booklets for the CPRE on rural architecture (Local Attraction, 1996); countryside planning (Cluttered Countryside, 1997, winner of the Media Natura award for best national environmental campaign); and urban regeneration (Going to Town, 1998, in association with the Civic Trust).

Jonathan Miller Jonathan Miller
As managing editor of Satellite Week and Communications Daily in Washington DC (1977-85), Jonathan Miller was among the first to write about the changes that would be forced on the television industry by satellites. As a media journalist on The Times and The Sunday Times (1986-89), he was in the thick of the crusade to open up the British broadcasting system. He was public affairs director in London and Brussels for Sky Television 1989-91. In Brussels, he was involved in the successful campaign to persuade the European Commission to abandon the D2-Mac television format, which would have profoundly delayed the advent of a purely digital broadcasting system. After Sky's merger with BSB, Miller returned to The Sunday Times, where he was assistant editor and columnist (1992-95). He commented on a wide variety of subjects, from commuting to caning, while helping to create News lnternational's first Internet studio. Miller, whose other interests include organic farming, now freelances from London.

Penny Fox Penny Fox
Penny Fox is a freelance journalist based in London. She was a columnist for The Scotsman and has written for most of the English and Scottish broadsheets. She covers education, health, family and social issues, as well as writing profiles and interviews.

Dylan Jones Dylan Jones
Dylan Jones is editor-at-large of The Sunday Times Magazine. Formerly group editor of Wagadon, publishers of Arena, The Face, Arena Homme Plus, Frank and Deluxe, he has also been a senior editor at The Sunday Times and The Observer. He won the Magazine Editor of the Year award in 1993 for his work on the men's magazine Arena, which he edited from 1989 to 1992, and has also worked for The Independent and The Guardian. He is the author of six books on popular culture, including the international bestseller Jim Morrison: Dark Star and True Brit, a portrait of the fashion designer Paul Smith.

Jerome Burne Jerome Burne
Jerome Burne is a freelance science writer specialising in psychology and medicine. Last year he contributed several sections to BrainPower, the Sunday Times six-week supplement on the brain. For the last eight years he has written regularly for most of the broadsheets as well as for magazines including New Scientist, Focus and Harpers & Queen. Current interests include new brain research on phantom limbs and hallucinations, evolutionary psychiatry, gene therapies, the role of bacteria in chronic diseases and clinical nutrition for the treatment of long-term ailments.

Caroline Scott Caroline Scott
Caroline Scott is a freelance journalist whose human interest articles and celebrity interviews have been published in almost every woman's magazine on the market. Dividing her time between writing and raising two children, she is a regular contributor to the Independent and Daily Telegraph newspapers, as well as the Sunday Times magazine, and is currently working on her first novel.